UNHCR Sudan Operational Update, February 2022 – Sudan


Sudan hosts 1.12 million refugees and more than 3 million internally displaced people. Recently, it has seen new displacements from Ethiopia, South Sudan and inside Sudan.

UNHCR and its partners continue to respond to the needs of approximately 51,000 Ethiopian refugees in eastern Sudan and 9,200 Ethiopian asylum seekers in Blue Nile State.

UNHCR supports solutions for internally displaced people and South Sudanese refugees, such as voluntary return, legal work, self-reliance or resettlement.

Achievement Update

Operating Context

Sudan hosts one of the largest refugee populations in Africa. South Sudanese constitute the majority. Many more have fled violence and persecution in neighboring countries, including Eritrea, the Central African Republic,
Ethiopia and Chad. The wars in Syria and Yemen have also caused people to seek safety in the country.
Most refugees live in out-of-camp settlements, host communities and urban areas (61%), while others (39%) remain in 26 camps and numerous other settlements.
The country also has more than 3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), mainly in the Darfur region which has suffered from an unstable security situation for almost two decades. In collaboration with the Sudanese government, UNHCR ensures international protection and the provision of multi-sectoral assistance to displaced people in need in the Darfur region.

Strong points

Emergency Response for Refugees in Eastern Sudan

  • The number of new arrivals from Ethiopia fell by almost half (48%) in February compared to the previous month, with 65 new arrivals reported in Hamdayet (36) and Babikri (29). UNHCR teams at the border have received constant reports from refugees that border crossing points have been blocked on the Ethiopian side, preventing the passage of refugees and asylum seekers to Sudan.

  • UNHCR and COR have scaled up the issuance of ID cards, providing over 3,300 ID cards to registered refugees aged 16 and over. This brings the total number of refugees with ID cards to 14,152 in Um Rakuba (7,350) and Tunaydbah (6,802), covering over 50% of the population in both camps.

  • The Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Sub-Working Group launched the inter-agency GBV action plan for the first quarter of 2022. In parallel, UNHCR and UNFPA launched the roll-out of the GBV Information Management System (GBVIMS) tool to harmonize GBV data. recovery and file management.

  • Efforts to prepare for the rainy season at the household and camp levels are ongoing, in collaboration with local authorities and partners. An inter-agency rainy season preparedness plan has been created and efforts are underway to procure and distribute emergency shelter kits and pre-disaster kits to refugees in Babikri, Tunaydbah and Um Rakuba. In addition, arrangements are being made to initiate the rehabilitation of access roads as well as internal roads and the drainage system, particularly in Babikri and Tunaydbah.

  • UNHCR and UNDP have established a Solutions Working Group to increase the resilience of local communities affected by the refugee crisis and foster peaceful coexistence, in line with national and local development plans.


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